英语权威发布2018年专升本《英语》成人高考模拟题及答案(15)，2018年专升本《英语》成人高考模拟题及答案(15) I. Phonetics (5 points) Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlin[…]
I. Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. A. please B. house C. course D. purse
2. A. like B. life C. fit D. side
3. A. suggestion B. vacation C. motion D. location
4. A. bread B. dream C. lead D. team
5. A. trust B. computer C. fun D. hut
II. Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
6. The Second World War broke out in ________.
A. 1930’s B. the 1930es C. the 1930’s D. 1930s
7. Use your head, then you ________ an idea.
A. will have B. have C. have got D. had
8. ________ is power.
A. The knowledge B. A knowledge C. Knowledges D. Knowledge
9. “We spent all our money because we stayed at ________ most expensive hotel in the city.”
“Why didn’t you stay at ________ cheaper one?”
A. the; a B. a; a C. the; the D. a; the
10. The girl is ________ young ________.
A. so; to work B. too; to work C. too; to working D. so; working
11. The businessman demanded that all his money ________ without any delay.
A. to pay B. paid C. be paid D. be paying
12. Every means ________ been tried since then.
A. has B. have C. are D. is
13. The poor man lived on wild berries and roots because they had ________ to eat.
A. nothing else B. anything else C. something other D. nothing other
14. The park is ________ that one.
A. two times as big as B. twice as bigger as
C. twice as big as D. two times as bigger as
15. They used to smoke ________ but they gave it up 3 years ago.
A. seriously B. heavily C. hardly D. severely
16. People in the south live ________ rice.
A. on B. in C. with D. by
17. Not only ________ the data fed into it, but it can also analyze them.
A. the computer can memorize B. can the computer memorize
C. do the computer memorize D. can memorize the computer
18. “Give me a call when you get home.”
“Yes, I ________.”
A. must B. will C. can D. may
19. She’s very pretty, but she’s not ________ clever.
A. at all B. at least C. entirely D. completely
20. ________ breaks the law must be punished.
A. Who B. However he C. Whoever D. No matter how
21. She likes hearing her own voice. She never stops ________.
A. talking B. telling C. to talking D. to tell
22. A list of the new League members was ________ and the students looked at it and discussed.
A. put away B. put up C. turned up D. taken up
23. Einstein was fully ________ with business, so we didn’t want to bother her.
A. devoted B. surrounded C. occupied D. fatigued
24. I’ll have to ________ some money from the bank to pay for the repairs.
A. receive B. move C. draw D. deposit
25. How long does it ________ us to travel from Shanghai to Beijing by plane?
A. want B. take C. use D. spend
III. Cloze (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 blanks in the following passages. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE answer that best completes the passage.
Coffee and tea are the most popular 26 in the world. Coffee is a favorite drink of Canadians. Many Canadians like to start their day 27 a cup of coffee. At work, they may take a coffee break.
Coffee break is a time 28 stop and relax for a few minutes over a cup of coffee or a snack.
29 is coffee so popular? 30 , it has a rich, strong taste that many people like. It is served hot, with milk, cream or sugar. Many people like coffee in 31 because it helps them 32 . Coffee has caffeine in it. 33 gives people more energy.
Every day, millions of people all over the world drink tea. Tea is the 34 drink of China, Japan, England and Russia. In England, it is a custom to drink tea in the afternoon. In Japan, drinking tea is also a social 35 and there are special rules for tea 36 .
Tea comes from tea 37 . We make tea by pouring 38 water on dried tea leaves. People usually drink hot tea, but it can be served cold. Some people like to drink tea 39 milk or cream. Other people 40 milk or cream in tea, but they put in honey, sugar or lemon. Tea also has some caffeine in it.
26. A. drinks B. drink C. water D. drinking water
27. A. from B. at C. in D. with
28. A. for B. to C. with D. at
29. A. Why B. What C. Which D. When
30. A. For one thing B. Such as
C. For a thing D. For some reason
31. A. morning B. early morning C. mornings D. the morning
32. A. move away B. wake up C. come in D. look down
33. A. Tea B. Caffeine C. Hot drink D. Cold coffee
34. A. personal B. general C. possible D. national
35. A. study B. custom C. way D. belief
36. A. drink B. drank C. drinking D. being drunk
37. A. roots B. stems C. branches D. leaves
38. A. cooling B. running C. boiling D. fresh
39. A. have B. with C. and D. together
40. A. hate B. like C. enjoy D. love
IV. Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: There are four reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
One of the most important tasks of remembering what you read is choosing the right ideas to remember. It’s easy to say this, but many readers do not realize that they must learn to choose what is worth remembering.
Just as a traveler in a desert searches for landmarks, you must learn to find‘landmarks’to guide you through your reading. These landmarks are the main ideas, the important statements around which the writer builds his article.
To find main ideas easily, you should practise the skill of looking for the most important statement in each paragraph. If this statement were taken away, the paragraph would have no meaning. But if the rest of the paragraph were taken away, the statement would still make the writer’s message clear.
By collecting the main ideas of the paragraphs you read, you will find you have a series of statements that, put together, make up the main ideas the writer wanted you to discover.
41. This passage tells us________.
A. how to read B. how to remember
C. how to find the main ideas to remember D. the importance of reading
42. If you travel in a desert, and don’t want to lose your way, you should follow the ________.
A. footprints B. main ideas C. important statements D. landmarks
43. To find main ideas easily, you should ________.
A. take up reading
B. write often
C. practice reading more
D. practice the skill of looking for the most important statement in each paragraph
44. Without its main idea, a paragraph ________.
A. would be meaningful B. would be meaningless
C. would still make the writer’s message clear D. would help the readers to consider
45. The writer wanted you to discover ________.
A. the statements in his article B. the main ideas
C. the new words D. the word phrases
In the U.S., people prefer waiting for a table to sitting with people they don’t know. This means a hostess may not seat a small group until a small table is available, even if a large one is. If you are sitting at a table with people you don’t know, it is impolite to light up a cigarette without first asking if it will disturb them.
At American restaurants and coffee shops you are usually served tap water before you order. You may find the bread and butter is free, and if you order coffee, you may get a free refill.
Most cities and towns have no rules about opening and closing times for stores or restaurants, though they usually do make rules for bars. Especially in large cities, stores may be open 24 hours a day.
Servings in restaurants are often large, too large for many people. If you can’t finish your meal but would like to enjoy the food later, ask your waitress or waiter for a“doggie bag”. It may have a picture of a dog on it, but everybody knows you are taking food for yourself.
Supper and dinner are both words for the evening meal. Some people have“Sunday dinner”.This is an especially big noon meal.
Tips are not usually added to the check. They are not included in the price of the meal, either. A tip of about 15% is expected and you should leave it on the table when you leave. In some restaurants, a check is brought on a plate and you put your money there. There the waiter or waitress brings you your change.
46. Which of the following statements is true?
A. American people like sitting with people they don’t know.
B. Hostess always seat a small group at a large table
C. American people never sit with people they don’t know
D. American people would not light a cigarette if the people who sit at the same table
mind their smoking
47. Usually ________ is served before you order.
A. Cold water B. Butter C. Coffee D. Bread
48. American people always ________ when servings are too large for them.
A. take the food home with a doggie bag for their dogs
B. leave the food on the table and go away
C. take the food home with a doggie bag and enjoy the food later
D. ask the waitress or waiter to keep the food for them
49. Sunday dinner is ________.
A dinner in the evening B. a big noon meal
C. a big lunch on Sunday D. a supper on Sunday
50. Which statement is not mentioned in the passage?
A. Tips are not usually included in the total check.
B. A 15 percent tip in large cities indicates satisfactory service.
C. People tip waiters and waitresses.
D. People always put tips on the table.
I worked my way up the presidency of the Ford Motor Company. When I finally got there, I was on the top of the world. But then fate said to me: “Wait, we’re not finished with you. Now you’re going to find out what it feels like to get kicked off from the top.”
On July 13, 1978, I was fired. I had been president of Ford for eight years and a Ford employee for thirty two. I had never worked anywhere else. And now suddenly, I was out of a job.
As you go through life, there are thousands of little forks in the road, and there are a few really big forks those moments of thinking, moments of truth. This was mine as I wondered what to do. Should I pack it all in and retire? I was fifty-four years old. I had already accomplished a great deal. I was financially secure. But that just didn’t feel right. I knew I had to carry on.
A few months later, I became the president of Chrysler, a company which was almost bankrupt at that time. Fortunately, Chrysler recovered. Today I’m a hero. With strong will, with luck, and with help from lots of good people, I was able to rise up from the ashes.
51. When the author became the president of Chrysler, the company ________.
A. was having a hard time B. was very new
C. was bigger than Ford D. was in a good condition
52. From the passage, we may conclude that the author was a (an) ________ person.
A. weak-minded B. pessimistic C. ordinary D. strong–willed
53. By saying “I was able to rise up from the ashes”, the author means that ________.
A. he was able to stand still although the ground was soft
B. he was stronger after being burned to ashes
C. he was not afraid of failure
D. he became successful again after failure
54. The author became a member of Ford ________.
A. in 1978 B. in 1972
C. when he was 22 D. when he was 32
55. This article is most likely a part of ________.
A. a report to the government B. a formal speech
C. an autobiography D. a magazine article on social problems
According to a recent report from UN, the world’s population continues to grow. There are over 5 billion people now. It could reach 6.2 billion by the end of the century and 8.4 billion in the year of 2025.
But during the past 10 years or so, a large rapid drop in the world’s birth rate has taken place. Families generally are smaller now than they were a few years ago. It is happening in both developing and developed countries.
China is one such country that has already cut its rate of population growth by about one half since 1970. Each Chinese family has one child. And the hope is to reach a zero population growth rate by 2000.
Several countries in Europe already have a negative growth rate. Experts said that these countries would have not enough workers in the future. And the people who are working could face much higher taxes to help support the growing retirees.
56. How many people will have been increased by the 2000?
A. 3 400 million B. 1 200 million C. 2 200 million D. 6 200 million
57. In the past ten years, _______.
A. there are fewer and fewer people
B. the world’s population has not been growing as fast as it used to
C. the world’s birth rate has risen
D. the number of people has been cut
58. In China each family is allowed to have only one child, so that _______.
A. the birth rate can be cut
B. half of the number of people has been cut
C. the number of people has increased by 1/2
D. each family is smaller
59. In some European countries _______.
A. the birth rate is unknown B. the birth rate is too large
C. the death rate is larger than the birth rate D. the birth rate is larger than the death rate
60. In the European countries _______.
A. not many people would like working
B. supporting the retired would be a big problem
C. the people who are working would refuse to pay taxes
D. retirees live on taxes
V. Writing (20 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write an e-mail in about 80 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.
II. Vocabulary and Structure
6-10 DADAB 11-15CAACB 16-20ABBAC 21-25ABCCB
26-30 ADBAA 31-35 DBBDB 36-40 CDCBA
IV. Reading Comprehension
41-45 CDDBB 46-50 DACBB 51-55 ADDCC 56-60 BBBCB
I am writing to answer your e-mail.
I got your e-mail and learned that you will come to China with your parents and visit Huangshan Mountain. You and your parents are welcome to China.
I suggest you come to Shanghai for entry formalities first, visit Huangshan Mountain second, and have china for home in Beijing at last. It would be much better if you could bring along with you some sweaters. The weather here is changeable now. And I also suggest you take some medicine. During your stopover in Shanghai, I suggest you visit Nanjing Road and the Bund, and in Beijing, the Great Wall and the Summer Palace.
With my best wishes.